- Ecclesial Repentance: The Churches Confront Their Sinful Pasts, by Jeremy M. Bergen, T & T Clark International 2011. See esp. Chapter 2, Western Colonialism and Its Legacy, pp. 57-86.
- Remarks at the Ceremony Acknowledging the 175th Anniversary of the Establishment of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, 25 Am. Indian L. Rev. 161 (2001) ( Sept. 8, 2000) Assistant Secretary-Indian Affairs Kevin Gover describes atrocities carried out by the BIA, including boarding schools, and offers an apology. He makes clear he is not speaking for the United States, and there have been no actions taken to provide justice.
- There is debate in Indian Country about whether an apology should be sought, or even would be appropriate, for the wrongs and harms resulting from the boarding school policy. Some say that an apology is really for the aggressor’s healing, not the harmed party’s. Regardless, a meaningful apology is difficult to come by. Here is an example of a more recent official apology for another wrong done by Americans to Native Americans. The apology by Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper for the Sand Creek Massacre is worth consideration as an example of how an apology can be developed and what it can look like. Here is an article that explains the care Hickenlooper took to develop the apology, and it also contains the full text of the apology: http://blogs.westword.com/latestword/2014/12/sand_creek_massacre_apology_colorado_john_hickenlooper.phpYou can listen to a National Public Radio story about the apology as well, here: http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2014/12/15/370182656/150-years-later-a-formal-apology-for-the-sand-creek-massacre
Note: These links are provided for information and do not necessarily represent the views of the National Native American Boarding School Healing Coalition.